The Northern Balkh Province alongside Mazar-i-Sharif city and a township of Hairatan Port has 16 administrative units.
1 – Mazar-i-Sharif City:
Having substantial political, historical, cultural, and commercial values, the widely known Mazar-i-Sharif is a developed city that occupies an immense geo-strategic importance in the north of the country. The city has the credit of having the shrine of Hazrat-i-Ali (RA), which contributes to the beauty and importance of the city. Mazar-i-Sharif has 48 square kilometers area.
2 – Hairatan Port:
The Hairatan port is situated around 50 kilometers northeast of Mazar-i-Sharif city, which connects Afghanistan with the Central Asia. The province of Balkh generates more revenue as the country’s export and import activities are being carried out through this city. Food stuff is being exported while petroleum and construction materials are being imported through this vital port. 
3 – Balkh District:
Balkh District is located 20 kilometers west of Mazar-i-Sharif city, which has 481 square kilometers area. Because of the importance of Balkh District, this province was once named as the second city of the world. The city has a number of historic artifacts, ancient cities, ports, and mosques.
4 – Chaharbolak District:
Chaharbolak is laying west of Mazar-i-Sharif city along Shiberghan Highway, which has 511 square kilometers area. The district has immense agriculture lands where most of the people are associated with the profession of farming and cultivation.
 Charkont District:
Charkont is situated south of Mazar-i-Sharif city, having around 1, 445 square kilometers area. The district has hard and earthen hills. The people of the area cultivate the land with its crops production depends on rain water.
6 – Chamtal District:
Having around 1, 733 square kilometers area, Chamtal is located west of Mazar-i-Sharif city. The area has more level ground with enough water where people grow of the area mainly grow rice. The district is a known destination of historical sites including Chshma-i-Shafa mosque, Imam Sahib Hill of Chamtal, and Zainul Abideen shrine.
7 – Daulat Abad District:
The renowned Daulat Abad District is situated west of the provincial capital, which has 864 square kilometers area. The district has a large number of tabulate lands. Due to shortage of water and absence of agriculture related activities, its people are mainly associated with business of different kinds. The Zadian Shrine and Kafir Port are the famous historic sites of the district.
8 – Dihdadi District:
Dihdadi is located northeast of Mazar-i-Sharif city with an area of 233 square kilometers. In addition to agriculture profession, people of the area breed chickens and other kinds of domestic animals. The district has two factories of dairy and chemical fertilizer, which contributed to the importance of the town.
9 – Kaldar District:
The Kaldar District is laying north of Mazar-i-Sharif city with 708 square kilometers area. The district occupies a central position because of its location at the margin of Hairatan Port and the Amu River. The district has some reserves of petroleum, which are yet to be explored.
10 – Kashandi District:
Having around 1, 802 square kilometers area, the Kashandi District is located south of the provincial capital. Most of the residents of the town are farmers but they do not get ample harvest because of multifaceted problems being faced by the agriculture sector.
11 – Khilm District:
The Khilm District is situated west of the provincial capital along Mazar-i-Sharif- Kabul Highway. It has 4, 197 square kilometers area. The district has earthen, sandy, and more agriculture land. There are sprawling gardens of grapes, pomegranates, and apricot giving immense importance to the town.
12 – Marmal District:
The Marmal District is long known as the central district of Balkh province. The area has mountainous as well as earthen hills. The district has 390 square kilometers area with abundance in gardens of almost every kind of fruits. Two years back, land sliding damaged hundreds of houses and thousands of acres of fruit gardens.
13 – Nahr-i-Shahi District:
Nahr-i-Shahi District is laying besides Mazar-i-Sharif city however, most parts of the district are converted into urban areas. Comprising 1, 381 square kilometers area, residents of Nahr-i-Shahi District enjoy their own business but some of the people are associated with the agriculture profession.
14 – Sholgar District:
Sholgar District is situated south of Mazar-i-Sharif city with a 1, 663 square kilometers area. The district has plain land, giving the people an opportunity to cultivate their own lands. Thousands of acres of agriculture land are being eroded by floods every year due to the absence of protective walls alongside the rivers.
15 – Shortipa District:
The Shortipa District is located north of Mazar-i-Sharif city, having around 1, 384 square kilometers area. The district shares its border with the Amur River. The residents of the area are associated with the business of weaving carpets and other kind of handicrafts. Absence of protective walls causes hundreds of agriculture lands to be eroded by the Amur River.
16 – Zari District:
Zari District is situated to the south of the provincial capital while sometime back it was part of the Kashandi District. The district has mountainous areas with some agriculture land. Abdalgan is among its widely known historic site.