Badghis is one of the northwestern provinces with Qala-e-Naw is its capital city. The province shares border with Herat to the west, Faryab to the East, Turkmenistan to the North and Ghor to the south.
The province covers 23,000 square kilometers area and comprised six districts with the estimated population of 439,500 individuals.
During the reign of the Sassanian Empire, Badghis was a part of Sassanian territory’ following division of the Sassanian in the reign of Khusrau Noshirvan Iran was divided into four parts.
Badghis was also one of the 14 parts of Khorasan, and the name of Badghis ruler was Barazan, one of Khorasan four border guards. Similarly, Badghis was regarded as one of the Iran prelatures in the reign of Sassanian Empire and was exposed to invasion of Turks and Hephthalites.
Badghis was regarded as part of the Hephthalites and resisted against Islamic forces under the leadership of Niazak Turkhan. According to Badghis anonymous author, there were three hundred villages. The most important and populated city was Dehistan and the capital of Badghis government was located in Koghan Abad.
Badghis was part of Heart territory till 1962, when Afghanis administrative and political units were specified. There are many traders and industrialists in Badghis who have Herati backgrounds and still kept themselves as Herati.
Badghis is the birthplace of Hanzal-e-Badghisi, the first Persian poet of post-Islamic period.
Badghis faces water shortage and poor infrastructure and roads. Therefore, it has the least number of populations and the lowest grade of growth and development in Afghanistan.
Weather of Badghis is dry but mostly the province witnesss snowfall in winter with seasonal wind in the summer.
The province with special reference in the mountainous regions of the southwest and southeast has many beautiful natural sceneries such as Sabzak Mountain (also called Chashma haye Aab Frawan), covered with cedar (Archa) trees. Jewand valley is famous for its standing water (Poda) one of the natural sceneries of Badghis. The Murghab River located in Bala Murghab district of Badghis province and has a high level of water.
Zarmast Mountain is the other natural scenery of the province, which has pleasant and praiseworthy weather. Despite having all the beautiful natural sceneries, Afghan kings and rulers had never paid attention to develop Badghis. 
The province has a legendary spring. Green slopes are full of yellow and purple Tulip flowers, which make it similar to a bride with a smile sitting in the bridal chamber waiting for her beloved.
Administrative units:
Badghis province comprised of seven units along with Qala-e-Naw center of the province. Jewand, Ghormach, Muqur, Qadis and Murghab are its known districts.
The economy of the province is dependent on agriculture sector. Its agriculture is mostly rain-fed. Wheat, barley, maize, peas, cumin, sesame, watermelon and melon are its main agriculture products. Badghis is known as Gudam Khurasan and Hawza-e-Gharbi (Khurasan stock and western region).
Livestock and Qaraqul types of sheep are another occupation of the people which they export sheep, Qaraqul skin and wool to other provinces. Carpet weaving Industry is another profession of the hardworking residents of Badghis province that mostly housewives associate with the occupation in their houses. The carpets weaved in Badghis have its especial fame in domestic and foreign markets as stood in the first position in the international exhibition established in Philadelphia State of United state of America in 1970. The enterprise Shirkat Qalin Bafi Badghis (Badghis Carpet Weaving Company) continued its activities till 1992 with the central office in Kabul but forced to go to Samarqand City of Uzbekistan due to lack security and now work in the same name there.
Pistachio is one of the main products of Badghis which makes millions of revenue for the government and the people associated with the occupation.
Pistachio has biggest forests in Afghanistan which covers more than 95 thousand hectares land. The government pays less attention to the national capital. Because most of the local people provide their winter-needed fuel from the forest and similarly the government has had no measures and projects to reproduce pistachio forest.
Historical Monuments:
Just a few kilometers away from Qala-e-Naw to the south of airport, a few arches the same as in Bamiyan was opened due to fall of rocks in the past years, possibly the arches date back to pre-Islamic periods.
Similarly, there is a Qala-e-Naraiman castle, which has ancient buildings and amazing monuments just 70-kilometers west of Qala-e-Naw.
Historian Mir Ghulam Mohammad Ghubar has called it Kalivan Castel. Kalivan is famous for his battles against Genghis. He fought for six months till all food was finished inside the castle and then used to eat Gosht Qadid (dried meat of sheep) and pistachio till the last 50 remaining alive and sick. Finally, they opened the gate of the castle all of them were killed.
Another well-known castle by the name of Qala-e-Piwar, which called the sister of Kalivan (Naraiman) located near Qadis District. The castle also had resistance against the Mongolian invasion. The local people found lots of antiques from the castles but smuggled to Pakistan.
Famous people:
Hanzala-e-Badghisi, Fazal Ahmad Paiman, Samanbu Badghisi, Muallim Nik Mohammad Khan, Ahmad Bin Abdullah Khojistani, Abubaker, Wasima, Bismillah Bismil, Arfaq, Samango Badghisi and Naqibullah Arwin.
The economy of the province is dependent mainly on agriculture.
Agriculture in the province is mostly rain-fed and traditional. The agricultural products are wheat, barley, maize, peas, cumin, sesame, watermelon, melon and etc. Badghis has been famous as Gudam Khurasan and Hawza-e-Gharbi (Khurasan stock and western region). Livestock and Qaraqul type sheep are the second profession of the people which skin and wool are being exported to other provinces and countries.
It merits mention that various pests threaten the crops of the province.
In addition to the Afghanistan National Television, Ariana Television and, Hanzala Radio have also strong presence in the province.
Badghis Website: was created by some of the civil activist. 
According to information of education department, there are 457 schools with 75 high and the rests are primary and secondary schools. As many as 120,000 students with 35% of them are female students. There is one vocational high school of agriculture and one midwife training Institute in the province as well. 
Badghis has excellent cultural background. Hanzala- Badghisi was the first Dari poet of the province but now Badghis is low in terms of cultural related activities. However, annual poetry gathering is being held in the province with poets from the neighboring provinces attend the gathering.
According to Olympic Department of the province, about 3,000 athletes have memberships of different teams who take part in various competitions.  
Football, volleyball, basketball, taekwondo, judo, karate, wrestling and cricket are the favorite sports being played by the youth of the province.