Widely known as the second grade province, Baghlan is located to the northeast of the country and considered one of the industrial provinces of Afghanistan.  
Geographically, Baghlan is situated 29 degrees, 31 minutes of northern latitude and 58 degrees, 48 minutes of northern longitudes.   
The province is located 230-kilometers from Kabul at Kabul Mazar-e-Sharif highway. The strategic importance of Baghlan enhances as it connects with seven Northern provinces and the capital of the country.
Panjsher, Takhar and Kundoz provinces are located to the northeast of Baghlan, Samangan and Bamyan to its west while Parwan is situated to its south.
The Salang separates both Parwan and Baghlan provinces and then northern Salang located in Baghlan province while the Southern Salang is situated in Parwan province. 
According to a survey conducted in 2008, the population of Baghlan touches the figure of 750,000 individuals. However, the recent survey conducted in 2013 estimated the population of Baghlan at around 890,000 individuals. The province has a total area of 18,252 square kilometers.  
The province has decent weather as in summer the weather is hot while in winter and fall it remains cold.   
According to administrative division, Baghlan province has 14 districts with Puli Khumri is its capital city.
Kinjan, Dushi, Banu, Dih Salah, Puli Hisar, Jilgah, Khost, Talawa Barfak, Farang, Guzargah-a-Noor, Nahrin, Burkah and Dahana-i-Ghori are its.
The cultural activities started back in 1921 in Baghlan from the Khan Abad of Kunduz province. Khan Abad was a district of Baghlan at that time. For the first time, the Etihad biweekly was used to print there headed by Mullah Naqibullah. 
The biweekly was published by the Information and Culture Department. Up till 1987, it continued its publication in Baghlan and then was shifted to Pul-i-Khumri and Sayed Abdullah Sadat is its chief editor.    
Besides Etihad weekly, Oqab monthly, Nidai Islam weekly, Silsila weekly and Ghuchi weekly were among the publication in Baghlan.   
For years, the province has active cultural associations such as Baghlan Writers Association, Adeeb Cultural Centre and Hakim Nasir Khesraw Balkhi Cultural Centre. The province produced writers of great repute as well.
Historical monuments:
Historical monuments are located in 26 locations elsewhere in the province. The historical sites include Tapazar, Tapa Safari, Shurtapa Shamruq, Tapa Rustam, Shur Baba, Tila Tapa, Zardkamar, Masjid Safid, LalaQadaq, Qandrayona and Surkh Kotal. The historical monuments are located in Pul-i-Khumri, Khost, Doshi, Baghlan Markazi, and Ghori districts.
The monuments discovered in Surkh Kotal and Rabatak shows the periods of King Kanishka Kabir and small Koshani. The Buddhists (Koshanis) were living there from second to 5th centuries.
The monuments show Baghlan province has a 2,000 years history before Islam when Kotal Rabatak and Surkh Kotal were fire worship places.
Prominent scholars and writers who contributed to the beauty and reputation of the province include Abdul Rahim Khinjani, Ikramudin Andishmand, Muzamil, Mir Ahmad Jwandai, Ghulam Jailani, Parwana Banwal, Rawnaq Nadiri, Nasim Sabah, Ghulam Hussain Afgar, Abdul Qayum Hazin, Shafaq, Mushfiq and Shiraqa Shayan Fariwar and others. The scholars and writers have a large number of fans. However, the province does not have a museum and its historical monuments are kept in Kabul museum.   
The Baghlan province has two major dams--- Awal and Doyam Band--- and both the dams are located in Puli Khumri city.
The Awal dam has three Turbines, each producing 1.5 megawatt electricity with water storing capacity of two million cubic.
Doyam dam is located close to the second part of the dam. The water of the second dam helps generate three megawatt electricity by its three turbines.
The existing dams in Baghlan are not only fulfilling the electricity demand of the people but also help irrigate thousands of acres land in the province.
The branch of the Afghanistan National Radio and TV was established in 1988 in Baghlan and had only two hours local transmission including local reports and meetings.
After collapse of Taliban, cultural activities witnessed record boom throughout the province. Beside National TV, a local Tanwir Television channel is active in the province since 2012 along with Rajmir, Arzo, Payman, Adib, Khoshi, Shina, Farhat and Changhar local radios.
Besides the provincial University, there are 498 schools including 122 for boys and 35 for girls. As many as 320,000 students get education with 120,000 of them are girls’ students. There are three pedagogic institutes with one of them public and two private institutes. At least 3,500 students were being imparted education in Baghlan University.
As mentioned earlier that Baghlan is among the industrial zones, the province has factories of Sement-i-Ghori, Afghan Textile, sugar and mines of coal.
In addition, pylon making, Silo, Spin Zar Company, Kamaz Enterprise and Agriculture Mechanization are among the government-run industries. The industries were damaged during the continued fighting in the country. However, fortunately, the Afghan Textile and Cement Factories are still operating.
The Afghan Pul-i-Khumri Textile factory is located in the capital city, which was established in 1936 and started production in 1942. The factory has 3,500 to 3,700 employees.
It merits mention that the Afghan Pul-i-Khumri Factory was expanding annually and it had produced 21 million meters San piece in 1963. 
The Ghori Cement Factory in Baghlan province, which contract was inked between Afghanistan and Czech Republic in 1961, produced 200 tons cement within 24 hours. But its production capacity was raised by two times after the completion of its second stage.  
The second cement factory has production capacity of around 1,000 tons cement and having 700 employees, which was established in 1950. Currently, the factory has 750 employees with the old factory generating capacity soars to 200 tons and the new factory produces 800 tons cement.  
There are seven coal mines in the province including Karkar, Dodkash, Ahan Dara, Tala Barfak, Deh Sala and Chinarak mines in Nahrin district.  
Baghlan sugar factory was set up in Baghlan industrial park in 1940. The factory was made functional for four months annually and produced 111,000 bags of sugar within 24 hours.  
Baghlan is an agricultural province. The total land for irrigation of the province is 98,101 hectares while the rest 160,553 hectares is rain-feed land.
Rice is the most popular agricultural crop of the province and is known for its best quality locally and abroad.
In addition, potatoes, corn and pulses are among other bumper crops of the province.
Similarly melon, apple, pear, peach, cherry and apricot are popular fruits of Baghlan. 
The agriculture products of Baghlan accommodate the needs of other provinces despite its heavy consumption in Baghlan province.
Most of the games are being played in a professional way in the clubs. Baghlanis are fond of sports and games of different tradition are being enjoyed by youths. However, contemporary games such as football, volleyball, Taekwondo and other sports are more popular among the youth of the province.