The southern Nimroz province is located along side the border with the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan respectively to the west and south while Helmand province is situated to its east and Farah to its north.
Zaranj city is the capital of Nimroz province.
According to the latest survey, the number of its population stood 149,000 individuals with a total area is estimated at around 41,005 square kilometers. The demography of Nimroz is dominated by 61% Baloch, 27%, Pashtun and remaining is Tajik ethnicity.
In addition, Nimroz has nomad ethnicity as well.
The weather of Nimroz province remains warm in winter and hot in summer season.
The province has vast agriculture lands and deserts such as Margo deserts. Most of the land is irrigated through Helmand and other rivers flow in the province.
Chakhansor and Char Burjak are considered among big cities of the province.
A small number of residents in Nimroz prefer to live alongside the Helmand River because the province has vast population while its resources are limited.
The famous Godzar statue exists in Nimroz province.
Along with Zaranj city and five districts, the province has six administrative units including Chahar Burjak, Chakhansur, Kang, Khash Rod and Dalaram districts.
Trade and economy:
 The economy of southern Nimroz mainly depends on trade with neighboring Iran’s province.
The drugs and human smuggling from Nimroz to Iran have witnessed record surge. Most of the traders do legal trade activities with Iran as well.
The Afghan traders export fuel from Iran to Nimroz province and then they further export to different parts of the country.
The mineral water, plastic, cement packing and mobile repairing factories helped encourage the industrial sector of the province, which left positive impact on the overall economy of the province.
Another source of economic stability is the growing trend of livestock forms in the province.  
Rivers and dams:
The Helmand and Khashrod Rivers flow through the province with the Helmand River flows toward Iran through Nimroz province.
The under construction Kamal Khan Dam is known as the biggest dam in the province, which has the capacity to irrigate 80,000 hectares land and  generate nine megawatt electricity.
The construction of dam provided employment opportunities to the people of the province.
The Mari Dam has already been constructed on Khashrod River.
The province has vast cultivable lands amid vast deserts. The Helmand River cannot fulfill growing demand of water in the province.
Provincial agriculture department said wheat, corn, opium, melon and watermelon are the most cultivated crops in the province.
Agricultural activities will further multiply after the construction of Kamal Khan Dam in Chahar Burjak districts.
A number of residents of the province associate with the occupation of livestock farms where they keep herds of bulls, sheep and camels.
Electronic media is a constant source of bolstering cultural activities in the province but newspapers and magazine publication does not fully take place.
The state-run National Radio Television broadcasts, private sector television and radio network such as Shamshad, Tolo, Lmar and Aryan air their programs to entertain and educate the masses.
Another cultural feature of Nimroz is celebrating the birth day of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), the New Year and holding poetry and art functions on special occasions.
Similarly, few magazines such as Sada-a-Nimroz, the Nimroz monthly and Ilam and Bayan religious magazines are among the publication of the province.
According to provincial education department, the total number of students in the province reaches to 86,000 out of which 40% are girls. The number of schools in the province touches the figure of 250.
Besides schools, five technical and agriculture institutes, 20 private Madrassas serve the masses where male and female are getting education.
Government run university does not exist in the province, however, a private university having faculties of law and economics disseminate education in Nimroz.
Nimroz is home to widely known personalities such as MP Dost Mohammad Khan, Alhaj Alim Khan Shoro, Alhaj Rais Ghulam Ayubi, Ghulam Mohammad Lalzad Baloch, Fakhri Sistani, Abu Dawood Sajistani, academician Mohammad Azam Sistani and Ustad Ghulam Dastagir Payam.
The provincial sports department said as many as 90 teams of different sports take parts in different games in the province. Around 3,000 athletes are part of the sports teams.
Popular games in the province are football, volleyball, weight lifting, taekwondo and karate. The weight lifters of the province earned international medal thrice.