The strategically situated Parwan is one of the known provinces of Afghanistan. The province is situated 64 kilometers to the north of Kabul.
Parwan shares border with MaidanWardak, Bamyan, Baghlan, Panjshir and Kapisa provinces. Charikar is the capital city of the province. \
Administrative Structure:
The known districts of the province include Bagram, Jabal Saraj, Salang, Sayed Khel, Shinwar, Syiah Gird, Shikh Ali, Ghorband and Shurk Parsa.
Area, population and tribal structure:
There are controversial views regarding the exact number of population and total area of the province but local sources are of the opinion that Parwan has a total area of 5, 715 square kilometers with a total population of 600,000 individuals.
Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Turkman and Pashai tribes reside in the province in as many as 1, 322 villages of the province.
The residents of Kohi Safi are pashtun, Tajik in Salangare, Turkman, Tajik, Sadaat  and Hazara in Surkh Parsa, Shikh Ali Hazara. Rest of the districts have mixed population of the tribes.
Historical and cultural sites:
Parwan is bestowed with historical places while the province gave birth to several leading personalities.
The great Imam and Islamic scholar Imam-a-Azam originally hails from Parwan. Similarly, Bagram and Jabal-e-Saraj are among the other historical places that contributed to the beauty of the province.
Jabal-e-Saraj was constructed in 1907 during the reign of Ameer Habibullah Khan, which is a famous palace and known as Saraj-ul-Amsar and used as official thrown until the kingdom of Amir Amanullah Khan in 1919.
The historical palaces were damaged during the decades of war, which is needed government attention to be rehabilitated.
Another historical the Hofyan region--- located to the west of Charikar is the martaydom place of 72 companion of Prophet Muhammad including Shah Yousaf Qatal and their tombs can be seen in Hofyan.
Similarly, the tombs of great Sayed Jafar, Jan Agha, Sayed Jaffar Mujarad and Mir Jahan also exist in the province.
Bargram district was the capital city of Kabul Kings while the Kachri Shmlatar tall minarets of Koshanis kingdom located in the Top valley to the west of Charikar.
However, the minarets were destroyed in 1993 during the civil war, and it is imperative for the incumbent government to rehabilitate the entire historical sites.
The Sayad region has the historical antiquities of 16 fire worship places and residencies of Kanishka the king of Koshyanies from 120 to 160 AD.
The biggest ever military Bagram Airport and corrigan of the country currently used by the U. S. forces exist in the district.
Tourism sector:
The Gul Gondi locality is the most popular and attractive place for tourists. The natural beauty of the province is enumerated by various poets and writers. People throng to visit the area during spring season.
The Slanag district is a crossing point among nine provinces. It has 2.5 kilometers long tunnel. Because of its cold weather, a large number of people visit the area during summer for picnic.
Sayyad Bridge is another historical place situated between Parwan and Kapisa provinces. The place is famous for fishing and people visit the site for picnics.
Parwan has total of 75, 000 hectare agricultural land. Wheat, potatoes, corn, beans, grapes and raspberries are abundantly produced by the farmers.
The province is known for producing various kinds of vegetables, which are being sent to Kabul.
The majority of the Surkh Parsa, Shikh Ali, Syah Gardah and Kohi Safi people associate with the livestock profession.
Most of the people with special reference women of Jabal-e-Saraj, Salang, Sayed Khel and Bagram have expertise in making of tomato paste, drying up tomatoes, onion and peppers and then they sell it in the open market.
Prwan is rich in natural resources. There are immense coal reservoirs in Tikhan area of Syah Gardah and in Parsa valley of Surkh Parsa. Turkman valley of Surkh Parsa has reservoir of copper while the Surkh valley of the district has immense Zing and plumbum. Different localities of Khohi Safi have chromite, Charkhak area of Surkh Pars district has gold reservoirs. The Salang district has natural reserves of minral stones.
The government started exploration of the coal reserves in the past; however, digging work has halted for unknown reason. The government is mulling steps to award the contract to any leading company for the demining of coal reserves.
Hand-made knives of Parwan are very popular product. Most of men and women associate with carpet weaving profession. Weaving of clothes and other leather is the most prominent handcraft of Parwan.
The textile products of prawn are another important handcraft, which contribute to the industrial production of the country.
The numbers of total schools in Parwan reaches to 410 out of which 159 are high, 126 intermediate and the rest 125 are primary schools. As many as 812 girls and 4, 867 boys are enrolled in the above mentioned schools.
Another figure says that by the end of 2011, at least 127,080 boys and 77, 165 girls are enrolled in the schools.
Similarly, 34 religious institutions including four Dar-ul-Ulums, nine Madrassas offer religious education with another 21 religious institutions provide systematic education from class 1st to 12th.
As many as 489 teachers impart education to 13,794 male and 3, 321 female students in religious institutions.
The province has a well established state-run university where a total of 4, 300 students with 430 female students get higher education in different faculties such as education, agriculture, economics, law and media and communication.
In addition, a private university and three private high schools also disseminate education in the province.
Keeping in view the growing need of health services, the province has seven established hospitals and 60 clinics, which serve the people of the province.
As per the available data, Charikar has an 80-bed hospital, Surkh Parsa 50 bed while the people of Kohi Safia Bagram, Salang, and Syah Dara districts get health benefit from the separate 20-bed hospital.
The first grade hospital provides health facilities to the residents of Jabal-e-Saraj, Shinwari, Sayed Khel and Sahikh Ali districts in the Charikar capital.
Similarly, 32 second grade hospitals and 22 sub hospitals are functioning in different parts of the province.
In addition to two mobile health centers, as many as 422 health booths provide health facilities to the people of Parwan.
The designated health booth centers and mobile services travel to the far-flung areas having male and female health workers serve the masses in providing basic health facilities.
The Afghan-Swizz hospital and Hofyan Sharif clinic are among the most efficient health facilities in the province serving the masses.
Amongst the electronic media, the Parwan National television, Elham private television, the Elham, Dunya, Sada-e-Sulha, Tolo, and Khurshid private radios relay different programs.
The Parwan weekly, Parwan Development Magazine, the Mariff Asalnama, the monthly Payam-e-Shahar of municipality, the monthly youth magazine of the information and cultural ministry are among the print media outlet of the province.
Civil societies:
Different civil society organizations serve the people of the province in different areas. The Youth Society, Esar Institute, Women Social Gathering and Development Society, Women Welfare Society, Women Abilities Enhancement Society, Labour Women Society, Moderate and Educated Individuals Society are among the civil societies discharge their duties elsewhere in the province.
Taliban and Hizb-e-Islami led by Gulbadin Hikmatyar are among the leading armed groups that tend to attack the government installations and foreign forces. Authorities said that the vibrant Haqani group is also involved in carrying out spectacular attacks on government and foreign forces.
The Kohi Safi, Syah Gardah and Shinwari are the most vulnerable localities where security is direly needed to be tightened.
The people of Parwan have greater cultural activities as compared to other provinces. Annually, the Gul Goandi and Arghon poetry contest are being held amid greater zeal and enthusiasm.
Media is playing a highly significant role in promoting the cultural activities of the province.
Khalilullah Khalili, Muhammad Afsar Rahin, Maulana Abdul Rahman Sayed Khalili, General Baba Jan, Haji Almas, Khwaja Muhammad Nabi, Jan Ahmad, Mohammad Shafiq, Senator Ali Ahmad, Wakeel Usman, Qari Abdullah, Afsar Rahin, Colonal Jailani, Muhammad Sabir, Abdul Sattar Kawasi, Amir Satyal, Amanullah Hamimi, Fazluddin Ayar and Zabit Gul Muhammad are among prominent personalities of the province.
Beside traditional games, other sports activities such as cricket are gaining fame throughout the province. Provincial governor granted a piece of land for the provincial cricket where a proper cricket ground would be constructed.
Other games such as volleyball, football, basketball, karate, taekwondo and Judo are also popular among the youth of the province.