Located to the north of the country, Samangan province is situated between Balkh and Baghlan provinces, sharing borders with central Asian states of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Jangor Gash is located to the south of Samangan and the vast agriculture areas of Aybak are also part of the province. Its north is surrounded by renowned Meer Alam desert and Amo River flows at its own sweet will quite freely.
The province has massive orchards of peach, pistachio, almonds and apricot. Samangan has a large number of skilled manpower and the profession of carpet weaving continues to expand in the province.
Aybak is the capital of Samangan and internationally known Buzkashi game is popular among the people of Samangan.
The province has cold and dry weather and the highest temperature during summer soars from 25 to 30 degree Celsius while the lowest temperature in the winter drops from -5 to -10 degree Celsius.
According to a survey conducted just recently, the total population of the province stood at 312,524 individuals with a total area of Samangan is 16, 200 square kilometers. Uzbak, Pashtun, Tajik, Turkman, Aymaq, Arab and other ethnicities live side by side in Samangan.
Samangan is rich in historical antiquities including caves of ancient time that traced back during the times of Buddhists and other idols in Hazrat Sultan district. Historians are of the opinion the word Samangan is derived from Buddhist word, which means residents of caves.
Administrative Units:
The province is divided into six administrative units (districts) comprises Ruyi Du Ab, Hazrat Sultan, Feroz Nakhchir, Dara Soaf Ballah, Darah Sofpayan and Hazrat Sultan including the provincial capital, Aybak.
Trade and Economy:
Economy of the province is partially stable with agriculture, livestock and coal reserves are main sources of revenue generation for the people of Samangan.
More employment opportunities have been explored following demining of coal reserves for the youth in Darah Sofbala and Darah Sofpayen districts of the province.
People of the province eke out their livelihood from the orchard and livestock sectors. Samangan has vast orchard farms, which economically support large number of families.
In addition, most of the residents are skilled worker who associate with carpet weaving.
Rivers and Dams:
The Tasqar-Samangan River is the main source of agriculture land irrigation in the province. The big Ab Kali, Mogal and Qachanare dams store enough water for irrigation purpose but they need urgent rehabilitation to bolster its water storage capacities.
The Ab Kali dam is located between Hazrat Sultan and Rui Doab districts while the Mughl dam is situated in Feroz Nakhchir district.
In addition, the Qachan valley dam is located between Khuram and Sarbagh districts near Aybak city and its rehabilitation would help resolve irrigation problems of the district.  
Samangan has widespread orchards and vast plain areas suitable for cultivation but the shortage of water is among the biggest problems for the development of agriculture sector.
 Peach, pistachio, walnuts, apricots are the most producing fruits of the province. Similarly, wheat, corn, barley and watermelon are other widely growing crops of the region.
The Tasghar-Samangan River helps irrigate a vast land. Provincial agriculture department has said the province has 222,000 hectares irrigated and 73,000 hectares rain-fed land while 688,500 acres land is covered by peach, plum, raspberries and maple trees orchards.
Samangan is the center of some cultural activities. The province witnessed record boom in different kind of welfare organization and associations such as poets and writers association, the calligraphers and artist association and the cinema and theater association.
Most of the associations and organizations have been established with the support of information and cultural department in an apparent attempt to help flourish cultural activities in the province.
In the sphere of media, a large number of media outlets can be seen on the ground with National Radio Television and some private media outlets. Rustam Television, Sada-a-Haqiqat and Sahar private radios are among the electronic media that serve vast segment of society.
However, the province has no or little print media publications with the exception of Aybak and Takhti Rustam magazines.
In addition, few other magazines such as the monthly information and cultural department’s magazine, Payam-a-Samangan and Hakomat and Mardum magazines are being published by the governor house while the Payam magazine is published by the provincial council and the independent Suhrab magazine are among the publication in Samangan province.
Sometimes art related functions are being held in the province aimed at boosting the Samangan cultural activities.
A total of 299 including private schools and Madrassas are established in the province with the total strength of students in the educational institutes stood at 110,000 out of which 35% are girls. The total number of teachers is 2,430 in the province.
In addition, each district has a Madrassa offering religious education to kids of the particular district.
Similarly, the state-run university is actively disseminating higher education in three faculties.
Samangan gave birth to leading personalities of the era including Abdul Wahid Sarir, Mirza Abdul Qadir Bidalcha, Khadim Khurumi, Abu Yaqoob Samangani, Abu Jafar Samangani, Abdul Khaliq Wafai Khurumi, Mirza Niazi, Mirza Hussain Khan Khurumi, Abdul Ghafoor Ramzi, Hafeezullah Qatrah, Dashti Samangani, Abdul Hadi Hadi and Mirza Asmatullah Sharqi.
The international known Buzkashi is still the favorite sport in Samangan. New games have started appearance in the province cricket, football, volleyball, weight lifting, taekwondo, karate and others.