Third in rank, Bamyan is consisted of seven administrative units, Bamyan city as capital while districts include Kahmard, Panjab, Saygahn, Shibar, Waras, Yakawlang.
Earlier in 1921, Bamyan was a part of Kabul province but later in 1958, it was ruled by the government of Parwan and in 1964 Bamyan became a separate province.
Bamyan province enjoyed a first rank status before it was disintegrated from Kabul.
1-         Bamyan City: (the capital)
The Bamyan city is blessed with historical sites including the ruins of antiques, residential caves that belong to the Buddhist reign, Dahak and Gulguli cities.
The province is surrounded by Baghlan, Ghor, Parwan, Maidan Wardak, Ghazni, Dikundi, Sara-e-Pol and Samangan provinces.
The province is connected with Kabul province via Prawan Road 220 kilometers long and Maidan Wardak roads 165 kilometers long.
The Maidan Wardak road is economical and short to travel, however, at the same time it is the dangerous and insecure road therefore people choose to take the alternative way for traveling to Bamyan province.
2-         Panjab District:
Earlier in 1921, Panjab districts remained the capital of Dayzangi Rule for 40 years with Yakawalang, Ghor Lal, Sar Jangle, Dikundi and Bihsud district of Midan Wardak were its territories.
Agriculture and livestock are the professions of its economy. The green valleys of designated district provide more strength to livestock and agriculture. In addition, it is the occupation of larger numbers of people being engaged working at fields and looking after the animals.
The dairy products of panjab districts fulfill the needs of Bamyan province and bing exported to Kabul province too.
3-         Yakawalang District:
The first rank district, Yakawalng has an area of 67,040 square kilometers.
The Afghanistan First National Park (Band-a-Ameer), Chal Burjah, Barbari and Gohagin castle exists in Yakawalang districts.
Yakawalang district economy is boosted by the tourism industry. Each year, thousands of local and foreigner tourists visits the Afghanistan National Park and other historical sites in the district.
It borders with the capital city of Bamyan in east, Dara-a-Soaf of Samangan Province in the north, Panjab district in south and Balkhab district of Sar-e-Pol province in the west.
4-         Waras District:
Waras is among the far-flung districts of Bamyan province and is located at a distance of 172 kilometers to the south of the capital city.
The Waras district shares borders with the Dikundi in the west, Hisa-e-Doiam  Bihsud of Maidan Wardak in the east, Panjab district in the north, Gahzni province and Helmand River in the south.
The district is known for handcrafts products with the famous weaving carpet is Brak and weaving piece is Ligan”,which cosst 600/ Af.  
Brak is used in sewing coats and jackets, the price of its one meter piece is 1000 Af, which is the main source of income of handcraft industry for the people of the  district.
5-         Kahmard District:
The Kahmard district is located 100 kilometers to the south of the capital city edges with Baghlan province.
The district is rich in coal reserves. It demining will not only boost the economy of the country but will also bring betterment in the lives of inhabitants of the area in terms of employment and energy.
Coals from the reserves of Kahmard district is exported to other provinces despite fulfilling the demands of Bamyan.
6-         Saygahn District:
The Saygahn district has greater reserves of coal while deprived of water. The district is facing shortage of water comparing to other districts.
The Sayghan district borders Shibar and Tala wa Farfak district of Baghlan province. Yakawalang district in the west, Kahmard in the north while it has border with the capital city to the south.
The coal of the district is exported to other provinces too.
7-         Shibar District:
The Shhibar district is located 40 kilometers to the east of the capital city. The importance of Shibar district is elevated with the Haji Gak mine of iron.
Haji Gak, the largest iron mine in Asia, located between Bamyan and Maidan Wardak provinces in the range of Hindu Kosh Mountains. The designated mines were discovered in 1,339 with the length of 16 kilometers and depth of 550 meters. It is considered world largest natural mine having iron reserves of two billion tones.
Two Kilo Gold Mines of Canada and SAIL/ AFISCO companies of India won the contract of demining. The work has just started in 2013.