Located in the northern zone of Afghanistan, Jawzjan is known as one of the strategic provinces of the country. The province has immense natural gas reserves.
It shares borders with Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan and considers one of the historical province.
As per its geography, the province is located 36.665 degrees latitude and 65.752 degrees longitude.
With total area of 146,600 square kilometers, Jawzjan is situated at a distance of 555 kilometres from the country capital and 380 meters above the sea level.
The Provincial Rural Development Department estimated its population 500,000 individuals but the statistic department put the strength of the province at 470,000 individuals as per survey conducted back in 2007.
Jawzjan has hot as well as cold seasons. During summer, the temperature soars to 46 degree Celsius while in winter it reaches to -25 degree Celsius
The province has 11 administrative units including Shiberghan the provincial capital, Khamyab, Qarqin, Aqcha, Maradyan, Fayzabad, Mingajik, Khaniqa, Khwajah Du Ko, QushTepa and Darzab are its districts.
Majority of Jawzjan population hail from Turkmen and Uzbek tribes while Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Arab, Sadat, Qazaq also live in the province.
Jawzjan has Aqcha and Sar-i-Pul Dams, which are located in Faizabad district and Sar-i-Pul-Shiberghan highway.
The recent drought in the province caused decrease in water level in the dams but Jawzjan’s farmers managed to utilize the available water in a proper way.
Writers are of the opinion that Jawzjan has immense historical importance but the cultural activities started from 1961 after the publication of Diwah Weekly.
Several private and government sectors media outlets have been functioning including National Radio Television, Aina Television, Armaghan Television, Payam-e-Ulfat, Bostan, Jawzjanan and Sada-e-Zan magazines.
In addition, cable networks such as the Aqcha Cable, Asman City Cable, and Jahan Numa Cable have been playing greater role to entertain and educate masses of the province.
A number of civil societies have been established in a move to promote educational, social and cultural activities in the province. National Journalist Union, Teachers Union, Zahiruddin Mohammad Babar Association, Association of Martyrs and Disables, Women Welfare Association and others social institutions are contributing to the progress and prosperity of Jawzjan.
The last term of the incumbent President Hamid Karzai ushered an era of cultural, educational and social progress in the province. The young started paying attention to education. The province witnessed establishment of several libraries in universities, schools, and other places of public gatherings.
Special courses are introduced in the province in an attempt to facilitate hundreds of students to improve their art of calligraphy and get familiar with the profession of journalism.
Similarly, the establishment of music tuitions’ academies has helped revive the traditional music of the province which was affected by the western music. As many as 50 students are being taught art of music.
Historical sites:
Golden Valley, Yashmak Valley, Shiberghan Fort, Tomb of Hazrat Yamin Shiberghani, Fort of Chaghchi and Aqchaluds are among its historical and ancient places of the province.
The Golden Valley is situated at a five kilometres distance from Shiberghan city.
More than 22,000 golden sties have been discovered.  Archeologists from Afghanistan and former Soviet Union strived to discover the ruins of former Bakher Dynasty back in 1969.
The survey team then found five graves in Golden Valley after ten years of efforts in 1979.
It was later found that graves belonged to the men and women from the royal family of Bakhter Dynasty and the same excavation led to the discovery of large amount of gold and other valuables.
Background of Jawzjan:
Jawzjan or Jawzjanan was considered a part of Great Khurasan.
According to an eastern scholar, the word Jawz means walnut. The writings of several scholars offered a different view point about the geography, demography and history of Jawzjan.
In addition, local scholars praised Jawzjan province in their poetry and articles. The poetry of Farukhi Sistani about Jawzjan is widely admired.
A small museum existed in the province which had the portraits of prominent poets and valuables discovered from Golden Valley. Foreigners visit the museum in large number whenever they visit the province.
Jawzjan is known as the birth place of prominent personalities who contributed to the rich culture and history of the province as well country.
Abu Sulaiman Jawzjani, Abu Obaida Jawzjani, Alhaj Maulana Sayyed Ghibullah Ghaibi, Dawlat Gailidi Fidai, Mir Mohammad Amin Qurbat, Qari Baig Murad Ghurbat and Alhaj Mullah Abid Ghurbat are among leading personalities of the province.
After the fall of Taliban regime, media flourished throughout the province with the arrival of more publications and electronic media as well.
Earlier, before Hamid Karzai’s government, two magazines were published only, however, afterwards print and electronic media started publication and airing programs to entertain and educate the people of the province.
Aina is the maiden television which was established in 2003. The Aina started programs across the country. Chilaw Saf, Nawa-e-Kohsar, Payam-i-Ulfat are among the print media that started publication in the province.   
Jawzjan education sector is heading toward development. The latest wave of fighting did not impact the vital education sector. Even a single school has not been closed.   
A total of 375 schools, three educational institutions and a teacher training center have been functioning in the province in which 175,000 students with 42% of them are girls get education by more than 4,000 teachers.
The state-run university in Jawzjan province was established in 2001having faculties of economics, engineering, computer sciences, social studies, chemistry, geology where 3,000 students are imparted education.
Natural resources:
Rich in natural resources, Jawzjan has more than 140 dug wells of natural gas reservoirs dug during the soviet era, however, the wells had to stop functioning in 1980s when Soviet Union decided to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
Meanwhile, 36 wells of natural gas have been providing facilities to domestic consumers and some industries in the province with a reasonable price.
Excavation work on another eight wells has been inaugurated in April, 2013 by the Ministry of Mines and Industries and the contract was awarded to a Turkish company to complete the project by end 2014.
After the completion of the project, the residents of Mazar-e-Sharif and Shiberghan would be able to get uninterrupted gas supply.
Carpets, rugs, felt waving; making of mud pots and different handicraft and wearing clothes are among the products of the province.
Copper, iron, and gold industries have been reestablished in Jawzjan.
Skilled labors are working in the copper and iron industries who produces agriculture tools for farmers.
The industry has developed again after a decades of war and lawlessness in the country.
Carpet industry has greater contribution and exporting stuff to Aqcha, Mangajik, Muradyan, Faizabad Qarqin, Khamyab and Khawaja Du Kho districts where majorities of families earn their livelihood from the profession.
Weaving of carpet and different wearing products from animal herds are known in the province. Women of Jawzjan are skilled in designing clothes and other handicraft related stuff.
The business of mud pots has no big demand but a decade back, the business was at its peak where more than 40 shops of mud pots existed in the city.   
Agriculture and livestock sectors are the two known sources of economy of Jawzjan people where 80% of its population is associated with the sectors.
The total irrigated land in Jawzjan province is estimated at 215 hectares but the entire land of the province cannot be irrigated due to shortage of irrigation water.
Several districts of the get irrigation water from Balkh and Sar-i-Pul provinces expect Khmyab and Qarqin districts, which get irrigation water from Amo River.
 The farms of Darzab and Qush Tapa districts depend on rain and snowfall for cultivation of their crops.
The widely cultivated crops in the province include wheat, barley, corn, pulses and others.
In addition, the province produces 24 kinds of grapes and best quality of apricot, peach, pears, almond, walnut, plum, apple, cherry and other fresh fruits.
The province will yield more agriculture crops if authorities pay heed to develop the ailing agriculture sector.
Jawzjan exports multiple products such as carpets, rug, animal herds and different kinds of garment.
Traditional games, tradition dances, Buzkashi and camel race are common in the province.
Similarly, as many as 17 federations have been formed which provides sport services in a professional way to players and athletes.
Other sports such as football, volleyball, basketball, karate and taekwondo are also popular in the province.