The newly created Panjsher province is situated 120 kilometres northeast of Kabul province.
Known as a mountainous region, the province is located between the southeast and southern ranges of Hindu Kosh Mountains.
Panjsher is situated 2,217 meters above the sea level and its highest peak has 6,000 meters.
Takhar and Baghlan provinces situated to its north, Kapisa to the south and Nuristan and Badakhshan provinces lie to its east. From the west, the province shares border with Shotul district.
Rivers and canals:
Panjsher River coming out of mountainous region and flows toward southeast where it joins Ghorband and Paryan Rivers and finally joins Kabul River.
Panjsher River is 320 kilometres long, having smooth flow of enough water throughout the year.
The strategically important Panjsher has border with as many as three foreign countries and six provinces within the country.
The province has more than 126 large and small valleys with each of them are further divided to sub-valleys.
The long range mountains of Panjsher have big glaciers, which melts down during summer and farmers start irrigating their crops then.
It has immense natural beauty.
Panjsher population is estimated at around 300,000 individuals with main tribes reside in the province are Tajik, Hazara, Pashai, Nuristani, Pashtun and others.
Dari is a widely spoken language in the province.
Administrative Units
Panjsher has eight administrative units with Bazarak is its provincial capital while Paryan, Khenj, Dara, Rokah, Anabah, Shotal and Abshar are its districts.
According to Abdul Muqim Haleemi, head of provincial education department the province had around 150 established schools out of which 50 are high and 45 intermediate schools. He said around 45,000 students including 12,000 girls were getting education in the facilities.
In addition, an educational institute and a faculty of education are established in the province as well.
Panjsher is economically important province. It is known a vital route for transportation of goods in the past.
The military convoys of Alexander the Great had passed from Panjsher in 328 BC and another warrior Taimor used made the province his main battle ground back in 1398.
The construction of new roads helped flourish economic activities in the province.
The province has abundant mines of precious stones, gold, silver and coals. As many as 10,000 laborers work in excavation of coal mines.
Once explored, the natural resources of the province will go a long way to remove economic woes of the people.
Many dwellers of the province earn their livelihood by working in coal mines of the province.
According to historian, the troops of Alexander the Great stayed and remained in the province.
The city of Alexandria was constructed by Alexander the Great alongside the Panjsher and Ghorband River. The city was a place of rest for his troops.
Alexander viewed the construction of the city because his troops had to start fresh offensive from the area.
The province is known for its orchards where different kinds of fruits are produced. Fruits such as grapes and raspberries while wheat and corn are cultivated in the province
Cultural activities could not flourish in the province. The Karwan-e-Qalam and Cultural Foundation of Panjsher societies strive to promote cultural activities in the province.
Moreover, Aftab and another magazine are being published in the province.
Panjsher is the birth place of several leading personalities such as Ahmad Shah Masood, Banjhiri, Engineer Mohammad Ishaq, DastagirPanjsheri, Ustad Ghulam Mohai-u-Din, Abdul Hai, Abdul Hameed Mohatat, Abdul Hafiz, Saddiq Shabab, Qahar Asi, Sadiq Barmak, Tahir Shabab, Dr. Abdullah, Ahmad Zia Masood, Mohammad Younis Qanoni, Bismillah Khan Mohammmadi and Nilab Rahimi.
Panjsher has a vibrant team of Buzkashi. Other traditional games have been played in the province. Cricket is known an emerging sport in the province.